About Krakow

Krakow

Kraków, the former capital of Poland, belongs to 12 places entered in the first UNESCO World Culture Heritage List. At the moment, it remains the spiritual and cultural capital of Poland. The Old City with the remnants of the 14th - century fortifications which include the medieval St. Florian's Gate, numerous historical buildings and churches was recognized as the most precious architectural heritage.

The central part of the city is the Main Market Square with the Gothic St. Mary's Church which houses Wit Stwosz' (Veit Stoss) masterpiece, the largest Gothic altar in Europe. In the middle of the Market Square there is the Cloth Hall (Sukiennice), an example of a medieval building that has for centuries been used for commercial purposes.

Krakow

Jagiellonian University, situated mostly in the Old City, was founded in 1364 and is one of the oldest universities in Central Europe. Its famous students include Mikołaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus), and more recently, Karol Wojtyła, later Pope John Paul II. Collegium Maius (tutaj link do http://www.maius.uj.edu.pl/history.en.html), the oldest building of the University, houses the University Museum including among others the collection of old astronomical instruments used by Nicolaus Copernicus.

There are numerous monuments of the Jewish sacral architecture, the ancient synagogues, in the medieval site of Kazimierz, in the eastern part of Krakow. One of the most important and beautiful places is Szeroka Street with the three temples, including the most precious Old Synagogue.

Krakow

Wawel Royal Castle is definitely one of the most magnificent Renaissance residences in Europe. It contains the beautiful Gothic Royal Cathedral where the kings of Poland were buried. The Castle is also famous of its unique collections of 136 tapestries purchased by King Sigmundus Augustus in Flanders.

More information can be received at: Krakow info or Magical Krakow and Wieliczka Salt Mine.